Collaboration Rules by Philip Evans and Bob Wolf in HBR July-Aug 2005 compares Linux (the open source community) and Toyota Production System to find remarkable similarities between these two organization systems. Salient quotes below:
1. "Monetory Carrots and accountability sticks motivate people to perform narrow specified tasks. Admiration and applause are far more effective stimulants of above-and-beyond behaviour"
2. "The Network is the Innovator"
3. "Leading is not treated as a discipline distinct from doing"
4. "Trust is a viable substitute for market contracts and hierarchical authority"