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Sunday, June 22, 2008

Military Doctrines

About a decade back I wrote an article Future of Warfare - A Search for Military Doctrine.

2 War and War Related Doctrines

Knowledge must become capability

Clausewitz

War should be avoided as far as possible. The “avoidance of war” and the ways to do so, are in the realm of diplomacy, foreign policy and foreign relations. This is called the Political Doctrine of the country. It is however possible that the political doctrine of a country may call for war to attain a political objective. How to support and sustain war is the domain of what is called an Economic Doctrine. The main aim of this is to develop the economy and support the growth of the country. It should also be oriented to create capabilities and resources to sustain a nation’s military and political doctrines. The Military Doctrine is concerned with the ways of execution of war. An essential input to war making is the ability to collect, process and disseminate information and intelligence for timely and accurate decision-making. This is called the Intelligence Doctrine. Modern wars have an inherent threat of use of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) which requires a clear cut policy i.e., a WMD Doctrine. The fourth dimension - space, is going to play a major role in future wars. Therefore, a clear-cut formulation of Space Doctrine is called for. The new reality of internet and real time media influence calls for formulation of a cyberwar doctrine to take care of Information warfare requirements. Fig. 2 shows the domains of various doctrines and their aims for maintaining the integrity and defending the interests of the nation.

It must be mentioned here that the compartmentalization of knowledge and planning related to war, into so many diverse doctrinal frameworks, has been done for the ease of studying them and highlighting the relations between them. For meeting any challenge to the national security or interests a total response comprising of inputs from all these doctrines is called for. The total response comprises of actions taken within the purview of all these strategic dimensions of National Planning related to war.

Doctrines

Domain

Aim(s)

1.

POLITICAL DOCTRINE

International Relations

Foreign Policy

Diplomacy

Politics

· How to Avoid war

· If imposed, how to support war

2.

MILITARY DOCTRINE

· Army

· Navy

· Air Force

· Space Force

· Joint Operations

· How to wage war

3.

ECONOMIC DOCTRINE

· Economic Policy

· Industrial Policy

· How to support and sustain war

4.

INTELLIGENCE DOCTRINE

· Intelligence Agencies

· Analysis Agencies

· How to collect, process and disseminate information for timely decision making

5.

WMD DOCTRINE

· NBC Policy

· Peaceful Nuclear Uses

· How to deal with enemy’s WMDs and deploy own WMD

6.

SPACE DOCTRINE

· Space Plans

· Communication, Reconnaissance & Spy Satellites

· Launch Vehicles

· How to support (1) - (5) by providing near real time information to analysts

7.

CYBERPACE/ INFORMATION WARFARE DOCTRINE

· Cyber Space

· Audio Visual & print Media

· Propaganda

· Propaganda in cyberspace

· Counter enemy propaganda




It may be interesting to have a Total Response Business Doctrine - What will be the domains of Business Doctrines!!
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